Diabetes increases the
risk of heart disease
by 2-4 times.*

It’s time to get your blood glucose checked.

Even if your BLOOD GLUCOSE is controlled or normal,
you might be at the risk of HEART ATTACK & STROKE* (due to other risk factors)

Understand the risk of heart attack with increase in risk factors

  • Smoking
    2.9
    2.9
  • Diabetes
    2.4
    2.4
  • Hypertension
    1.9
    1.9
  • All of the above
    13
    13

An odds ratio (OR) is a measure of association between an exposure and an outcome.
OR >1 indicates increased occurrence of event | OR <1 indicates decreased occurrence of event

(for e.g., chances of developing heart attack and stroke is 2.9 times higher in smokers as compared to non smokers)
*https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/diabetes/why-diabetes-matters/cardiovascular-disease-diabetes
*Yusuf S, Hawken S, et al. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet. 2004 Sep 11-17;364(9438):937-52.

If most of your answers are YES,
talk to your doctor. You might be at
high risk of Heart Attack & Stroke

Your recommendation:

It's never too early to start thinking about your risk factors for heart disease or discussing your family's history with your GP

What you should do:

While there are some risks you can’t change – like age, sex, ethnicity and family history of heart disease, there are other risks you can take steps towards reducing, like maintaining your weight, being physically active and smoke-free living, managing high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

*Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are increasing rapidly in India causing nearly 5.8 million deaths per year1 In India 52% of CVDs death occur before the age of 70 years.2 Another more alarming and prevalent chronic disease worldwide is diabetes mellitus. India has earned the dubious distinction of being the diabetes capital of the world.3 Appropriate lifestyle intervention and optimal management of high cholesterol levels would greatly help in preventing or postponing the onset of cardiovascular disease, and in reducing the burden on the community and the nation as a whole. Making India HeartStrong is an initiative committed to support people with cardiovascular risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, obesity or high cholesterol levels to live healthy lifestyle and empower them to take care of their heart. The website provides information and support to keep your heart strong from the implications of cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, the website also helps to reach out to counsellors, who can help in diagnosis and support in the right treatment through counselling. One can also access timely screening support basis the counsellors advice and access to wellness programs in order to keep fit.

References

  1. Shrivastava U, Misra A, Mohan V, Unnikrishnan R, Bachani D. Obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in India: public health challenges. Curr Diabetes Rev [Internet]. 2017;13(1):65-80. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27515855/ DOI: 10.2174/1573399812666160805153328
  2. Nag T, Ghosh A. Cardiovascular disease risk factors in Asian Indian population: a systematic review. J Cardiovasc Dis Res [Internet]. 2013 Dec; 4(4): 222-28. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3953680/ DOI: 10.1016/j.jcdr.2014.01.004
  3. Adhikari P, Pathak R, Kotian S. Validation of the MDRF-Indian diabetes risk score(IDRS) in another South Indian population through the boloor diabetes study(BDS). JAPI. 2010 July; (55). Available from: https://www.japi.org/july_2010/Article_06.pdf